What is Yom Teruah?
The seventh time the shofar is blown to proclaim the new moon in Yahweh’s calendar is the month of Ethanim, the seventh month. Yom Teruah is the beginning of the count for all the seventh month moedim. If Israel was not ready for the Day of Atonement, the tenth day of Ethanim, the High Priest would surely not survive his commanded sprinkling of blood in the holy of holies. Yom Kippur is a holy time and the nine days between Yom Teruah and Yom Kippur are a time to prepare and a time to be thankful that Yeshua is Messiah and High Priest. Atonement was the only time that the High Priest was allowed to enter the holy of holies for ceremony. This is an important testimony to the amount of preparation we are to make for the Day of Atonement. The only chance that we have to survive spiritually is in the following of Yeshua’s example. One of the commands for example that Yeshua observed is the set apart Yom Teruah.
And YHWH spoke unto Moses saying, speak to the Children of Israel saying, In the Seventh month on the first of the month will be a day of rest (Shabbat) for you, a Remembrance Shouting, a holy convocation. You shall do no work and you will bring a fire sacrifice to YHWH. Leviticus 23:23-25
And in the Seventh month on the first of the month will be a holy convocation for you; you shall do no work, it will be a Day of Shouting for you… Numbers 29:1-6
What does it mean?
Yom Teruah is the first fall feast – it marks the start of the fall feast season. Teruah means to make a loud noise, which is why Yom Teruah is also called the “Day of Trumpets” or even “Day of Shouting.” This word can describe the noise made by a trumpet, but it also describes the noise made by a large gathering of people shouting in unison (Numbers 10:5–6). For example,
And it shall come to pass when the ram’s horn makes a long blast, when you hear the sound of the shofar, the entire nation will shout a great shout, and the wall of the city shall fall in its place, and the people shall go up as one man against it. Joshua 6:5
The Bible tells us it is a memorial of blowing of trumpets. The event this reference is one we are told many times not to forget – the day the Almighty shouted down the 10 commandments to the people from atop Mount Sinai in the desert after delivering them from slavery in Egypt. Since Yom Teruah relates to the seventh new moon it shows the perfection of Yahweh’s plan for salvation through Messiah Yeshua. This is also a connection between the torah and Messiah. The blowing of the shofar was the thunder that the children of Israel heard when Moses was given the law on Mt. Sinai.
Exodus 20:18-20 And all the people saw the thunder, and the lightning, and the noise of the trumpet (shofar), and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed themselves, and stood afar off. And they said unto Moses, you speak with us, and we will hear: but don’t let Elohim speak with us, or we will die. And Moses said to the people, Fear not: for Elohim is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, so that you don’t sin.
It also heralds the Messiah’s second coming in prophecy (during which he will fulfill all the fall feasts just as he fulfilled the spring feasts at his first coming). The teruah of the shofar is a cry for us to awake and become an active part of Israel.
This feast is the only one that falls on the first day of a Biblical month, which means we have to wait for the first sliver of the moon to be sighted – so we don’t know exactly when the feast will start. This is what Yeshua was referring to when he said that “no man will know the day or the hour” of his return; however, we are to be wary of the season of his coming, being diligent to observe world events that tell us the time is near.
Because we don’t know for sure when the first sliver of the new moon will be sighted, we have to be completely ready for Yom Teruah before it comes; it’s a rehearsal for the ultimate Yom Teruah when Yeshua returns.
But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other. Matt.24:29-31
…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 1. Cor.15:52
Read also about other biblical occurrences happened during Yom Teruah: Ezra 3:6 and Neh. 8:1-12